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ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY


A few of the fundamental tenets upon which our Holy Orthodox Church functions are as follows: The Orthodoxy Church has two great sources of authority:

Holy Scripture and Holy Tradition

Holy Scripture is comprised of the writings of both the New and the Old Testaments. The New Testament reveals the human and divine nature of Jesus Christ, and His sacred teachings that we are charged to follow. The Old Testament is a history of the Hebrew people.

It contains, among other sacred writings, the prophecies and the writings of the Prophets that foretold the coming of the Messiah. It therefore serves as an introduction to the revelation and the saving message of the New Testament. Holy Tradition, of which Holy Scripture is a part, includes the writings, teachings, acts of the apostles, saints, martyrs, and fathers of the Church, and her liturgical and sacramental traditions throughout the ages, the oral tradition of the early Church and the decisions of the Ecumenical Councils.

All of this collective wisdom and experience through the centuries are combined to form the second great source of sacred authority.

The Sacraments

There are seven Sacraments in Orthodoxy. They are the visible means by which the invisible Grace of the Holy Spirit is imparted on us.

The first four Sacraments are obligatory:

  • Baptism
  • Chrismation
  • Confession
  • Holy Communion
  • Matrimony
  • Holy Ordination
  • Unction (Annointment of the Sick)



The Church Calendar

The Church Calendar begins on September 1st and ends on August 31st. Each day is sacred for the Orthodox Christian. The Church venerates at least one saint or sacred event in the life of the Church every day of the year.

There are, however, several major feast days observed annually, and of these Easter, or Pascha, is the most important.

Major Feast Days

  • Nativity of the Theotokos - September 8th
  • Exaltation of the Holy Cross - September 14th
  • Presentation of the Theotokos in the Temple - November 21st
  • Christmas - December 25th
  • Epiphany (Baptism of Christ) - January 6th
  • Presentation of Christ in the Temple - February 2nd
  • Annunciation (Evangelismos) - March 25th
  • Easter (Pascha) - Varies
  • Ascension - 40 days after Pascha
  • Pentecost - 50 days after Pascha
  • Transfiguration of Christ - August 6th
  • Dormition of the Theotokos - August 15th
    

The Divine Liturgy

The central worship service of the Church is the Divine Liturgy, which is celebrated each Sunday morning and on all holy days. The Liturgy is also the means by which we achieve union with Jesus Christ and unity with each other through the Sacrament of Holy Communion.

Please join us on any Sunday at 10:00 AM to experience the Divine Liturgy as practiced for 2,000 years.


Ecumenism

While the Orthodox Church considers herself to be the Mother Church of Christendom, she cooperates with other churches in programs of educational, philanthropic and social endeavors insofar as this is consistent with her theology.

Orthodoxy has become a major force in the universal ecumenical movement of which she was a prime mover through the encyclical of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople in 1920.

For Further Information on Orthodoxy contact Fr. John, St. John the Baptist Greek Orthodox Church, visit our bookstore on the festival grounds, and/or our web site listed below. Additionally, we invite you to join us for six classes about our faith which are offered following the Festival.

St. John the Baptist Greek Orthodox Church
www.vegasgreekorthodox.com

Fr. John Hondros
info@vegasgreekorthodox.com

Greek Orthodox Metropolis of San Francisco
www.sanfran.goarch.org

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
www.goarch.org

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